Escuelas en Quiché

Categories: Cultural

Between 1982 and 1983 and with the excuse of collaboration with the communist guerrillas, the government of General Rios Montt exterminated 1,771 Ixiles that belonged to one of the smallest Mayan ethnic group, a group that still exists in our country, Guatemala. This ethnic group, The Ixiles, is located in what is known as “The Ixil Triangle”, between Nebaj, San Juan Cotzal and Chajul, a geographic area in which will be installed 7 new schools, as part of a grant from the International Cooperation Agency of Korea (KOICA). Each of these new schools is inserted into an existing educational equipment, which do not have a decent facilities to carry out its various functions. This makes that the new facilities in an axis that integrates the old facilities with the new educational complex. The Quiché area is characteristic for possessing a Mayan cultural legacy, which is readable in its inhabitants for the tissues used in dressing, the huipil, which have a characteristic color that varies depending on the geographic area where the inhabitant precedence. Similarly, the highland topography has unique characteristics which can be seen in the various natural profiles that are formed as the Cuchumatanes develops from north to south throughout Guatemala. These features were the starting point of the 7 schools, which seeks an architectural composition with three different languages: the tectonics, the huipil and the topography. The basic building construction is summarized in several vertical planes of exposed concrete modulated constant distant, which define the space in which the different modules classrooms are contained. The choice of materials and construction system responded to the speed of construction requirements and the relationship that a material like concrete can have with the context of Quiché: a construction in cold appearance would seem an anomaly with the green surroundings and the different houses in the area. However, the weather, which is cold and misty regularly, makes the module mimetize and part of the immediate context. We wanted that the huipil, an ornament, which is a necessary part of the dress of the inhabitants, be translated into the concrete skeleton fences, cheering and making the same relationship with both the dress color of the inhabitants as to vegetation site. This enclosure system consists in a sliding door system that has a doble function, a duality: the first is to consolidate the building, defining it, and the other is to liberate it into the landscape of the Cuchumatanes. To support the enclosure system, the furniture was chosen to encourage each of the different classes that make up the building. Finally, we wanted to create a relationship of topography with the architectural object. This is achieved through the location of each of the modules and their relationship outside-inside, which merges the building with the landscape. This project achieves therefore a relationship between topography, culture and the user, and in turn increases the perception of educational facilities in a neglected area. In addition it dignifies the several educational facilities located in places with a unique history as it was the one of the Ixil Triangle.

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